Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Наиболее известные дистрибутивы Linux

Эта страница предоставляет общую информацию о наиболее известных дистрибутивах Linux в виде категоризированного списка. Дистрибутивы организованы по разделам, в зависимости от основной дистрибуции или системы управления пакетами, на которых они основаны.

MCC Interim Linux

Возможно, первый дистрибутив Linux, созданный Манчестерским центром вычислительной техники в феврале 1992 года.

Softlanding Linux System

Один из ранних дистрибутивов Linux, разрабатываемый с 1992 по 1994 год; на нем базировался дистрибутив Slackware.

Yggdrasil Linux/GNU/X

Один из самых старых дистрибутивов Linux (декабрь 1992 года), который не обновлялся с 1995 года.

HCL Nomad Web на Raspberry PI

После изучения ARM-платформы в целом, я решил взглянуть на платформу Raspberry PI. Наборы были довольно дорогими, но существует модель, предназначенная для школ и т.д., с очень похожим оборудованием, встроенным в клавиатуру.

Получив Micro HDMI-кабель и поняв, что мой адаптер подходит только для Mini HDMI, я быстро настроил устройство. Оно поставляется без установленной операционной системы, но есть простой способ скопировать на выбранную вами SD-карту Linux вашего выбора.

После краткого ознакомления с их основной ОС, я решил установить:

За 89 евро вы получаете довольно интересное оборудование с множеством опций, включая WLAN и хорошую связь в целом. Помимо компиляции некоторого своего кода на ARM, я сначала взглянул на Nomad web на Chromium, которая просто работает. Она не очень быстрая, но работает хорошо. Я вернулся к текстовому режиму на данный момент и установил сервер Docker для следующих приключений. Возможно, это будет одна из машин-лабораторий, которую я возьму на DNUG в июне.

Дерево семейства Gentoo

  • Calculate Linux: Семейство дистрибутивов.
  • ChromiumOS: Бесплатная и открытая версия ChromeOS.
  • Container Linux: Дистрибутив Linux от CoreOS, разработанный для кластерных и контейнеризированных развертываний с подпиской на обновления.
  • Pentoo: Тестирование на проникновение Live CD.
Сейчас ищут техподдержку:  Горячая линия банка Русский Стандарт: телефон службы поддержки, бесплатный номер 8-800

Правила доставки и платежей

Сумма заказаСтоимость доставки
Менее $50$10 (по умолчанию, small package Air)
От $50 до $150Бесплатная доставка (small package Air) или $15 (DHL)
От $150 и вышеБесплатная доставка (DHL)
Сумма заказаСтоимость доставки
Менее $100$45 (DHL)
От $100 до $200$35 (DHL)
От $200 до $300$25 (DHL)
От $300 и вышеБесплатная доставка (DHL)
  • Некоторые из наших продуктов поставляются с аккумулятором и двигателем. Если DHL недоступен в вашей стране, мы заменим DHL на UPS, Fedex или специальную линию, в зависимости от вашей страны.

Время доставки (рабочие дни)

Тип доставкиВремя доставки
Small Packets Air3-5 рабочих дней

После отправки вашей посылки вы сможете увидеть свой номер отслеживания на нашем сайте. Мы также информируем вас по электронной почте о номере отслеживания и ссылке на отслеживание.

Таможня, пошлины и налоги – включены в стоимость заказа.

FOB Shenzhen: Чего ожидать

Упадок открытого исходного кода в академии

Обзор операционных систем на базе Android

Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre An Arch and Debian derivative without any blobs, without systemd support and with OpenRC as its default init system. Packages are built for i686 and x64. Unlike Arch, Hyperbola uses the long-term support model like Debian.

LinHES LinHES (Linux Home Entertainment Server) designed for use on home theater PCs (HTPCs), providing applications for recording TV and acting as a sound and video center.

Manjaro Based on Arch Linux, using its own repositories and ships with either Xfce, Plasma, GNOME, or the CLI as the default desktop environment. Additional community-driven editions are available that use MATE, Cinnamon, Openbox, Awesome, i3, BSPWM, or Budgie as a base.

Parabola GNU/Linux-libre An Arch derivative without any blobs, plus various added packages. Packages are also built for ARMv7 in addition to i686 and x64. MATE and text-mode distributions available.

SteamOS Arch-based and gaming-focused distribution developed by Valve and designed for the Steam digital distribution platform and Steam Deck. Before version 3.0, was previously based on Debian.

SystemRescue Linux System rescue toolkit. Previously based on Gentoo, it has been based on Arch Linux since version 6.0.0

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

ROS Series Controller

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

ROS Series Robots

『 SDK 』

Provide Better RGBD Camera Development Experience

Astra SDK supports a variety of mainstream platforms. Through the corresponding APl, you can use the corresponding functions of Astra series cameras to quickly obtain depth map, color map and skeleton, and carry out more application layer development of products.

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

View basic data flow, visual point cloud and other information. Realize the functions of laser control, picture saving and video recording.

More Details to be Discovered

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

It includes RGB, IR camera, LDM, depth processor, MIC, LDP and USB2.0

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

It can detect and locate 21 key points on hands so as to realize gesture recognition.

Human Body Tracking

Human body within the frame can be detected and will be marked with line and key points.

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Select the target object with mouse, and then the camera will locate and track the target.

It is able to detect chairs, shoes, cups and camera through models, and then frame them.

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Depth Map & RGB Map

Astra Pro Plus can display RGB map, and depth map of the distance from the point to the camera in real time.

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Compatible with Multilingual and Platform

Astra Pro Plus SDK provides various wrappers that support popular programming languages and platforms.

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Cписок дистрибутивов linux

Item Specification

Depth 3D technology: ORBBEC Monocular structured lightRange: 0.6-8mAccuracy: 1m: ±3mmFOV: H58.4°xV45.8°Depth processing chip: MX6000Close protection: Support

Operating system: Android/Linux/WindowsWorking environment: IndoorData interface: USB2.0Size: 164.85*48.25*40Microphone: Two channel stereoPower consumption: <2.5WWorking temperature: 10℃-40℃Security: Class1 Laser

4MLinux a lightweight Linux distribution made for both 32-bit and 64-bit. When installing programs with the distribution, the distribution will retrieve the Windows version rather than the Linux version due to it coming pre-installed with Wine (A compatibility layer for Windows applications), and not having any package manager.

Alpine Linux A security-oriented, lightweight Linux distribution based on musl and BusyBox. Has a derivative, postmarketOS, for mobile devices.

CHAOS a small (6 MByte) Linux distribution designed for creating ad hoc computer clusters.

Clear Linux OS Intel’s rolling-release Linux distribution, optimized for Intel’s own processors for performance and security.

DD-WRT Embedded firewall Linux distribution.

ELinOS Linux distribution for embedded systems by SYSGO. ELinOS focuses on industrial application and provides real-time extensions.

Firefox OS A discontinued open-source operating system – made for smartphones, tablet computers and smart TVs – designed by Mozilla and external contributors.

Foresight Linux A rolling release Linux distribution built around the Conary package manager.

GeeXboX Live CD media center Linux distribution, mainly to play special-encoded video files (e.g.: .ogg, XVID) on home theater.

Jlime Linux distribution for the HP Jornada 6xx and 7xx and NEC MobilePro 900(c) handhelds.

KaiOS A mobile operating system based on Linux, developed by KaiOS Technologies, a US-based company.

Linux for PlayStation 2 Sony Computer Entertainment Linux distribution released officially for the PlayStation 2 video game console.

Linux Router Project Embedded networking appliance progenitor (defunct).

MeeGo A discontinued Linux distribution hosted by the Linux Foundation, using source code from the operating systems Moblin (produced by Intel) and Maemo (produced by Nokia).

MkLinux A legacy Linux distribution for PowerPC systems that runs the Linux kernel as a server on top of the Mach microkernel.

Nitix Developed by Net Integration Technologies Inc., Nitix claims to be the first autonomic Linux kernel–based server operating system.

MontaVista Linux Embedded distribution by MontaVista Software.

OpenWrt A router and firewall Linux distribution, also other embedded systems, a lot of routing options via opkg available.

postmarketOS A security-oriented, lightweight distribution for mobile devices.

Prevas Industrial Linux Embedded systems customizable Linux distribution by Prevas.

Puppy Linux A mini Linux distribution which runs well under low-end PCs – even under 32 MB RAM.

rPath A distribution built around the Conary package manager. Discontinued.

Smallfoot Embedded, gaming and point-of-sale Linux distribution developed by the Santa Cruz Operation (SCO), formerly Caldera International and Caldera Systems – based on Caldera OpenLinux 3.x and 4.x binaries.

SmoothWall A router and firewall Linux distribution.

paldo Independently developed desktop operating system and package manager (upkg) with a rolling release format and standard Gnome environment.

Sailfish OS A Linux-based operating system based on open source projects such as Mer and including a closed source UI. The project is being developed by the Finnish company Jolla.

Solus Desktop Linux distribution offering Budgie, GNOME, MATE and KDE Plasma desktop environments, eopkg for package management.

Tinfoil Hat Linux Bootable floppy Linux distribution focusing on extreme security.

Tiny Core Linux A minimalist (around 10 MB) Linux system focusing on providing a base system with BusyBox, FLTK and other minimalist software.

Tizen A Linux-based mobile operating system backed by the Linux Foundation but developed and used primarily by Samsung Electronics.

tomsrtbt Root boot from floppy disk. Last update May 2002.

Void Linux A independent Linux distribution with the X Binary Package System (XBPS) package manager.

Red Hat family tree

Red Hat Linux and SUSE Linux were the original major distributions that used the .rpm file format, which today is used in several package management systems. Both of these were later divided into commercial and community-supported distributions. Red Hat Linux was divided into a community-supported but Red Hat-sponsored distribution named Fedora, and a commercially supported distribution called Red Hat Enterprise Linux, whereas SUSE Linux was divided into openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise.

Fedora family tree

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is a commercial open-source Linux distribution developed by Red Hat for the commercial market.

AlmaLinux A 100% community owned and governed alternative CentOS as a Red Hat Enterprise Linux rebuild. Governed by the AlmaLinux OS Foundation.

Asianux A Linux distribution co-developed between Red Flag Software Co., Ltd., Miracle Linux Corp. and Haansoft, INC., focused on Chinese, Japanese and Korean support.

ClearOS A Linux distribution designed for use in small and medium enterprises.

Miracle Linux A Linux distribution developed by Cybertrust Japan Co., Ltd., aims to be compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Oracle Linux Supported by Oracle. Aims to be fully compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Red Flag Linux A Linux distribution developed in China and optimized for the Chinese market. Based on Asianux.

Rocks Cluster Distribution A Linux distribution for building a High-Performance Computing computer cluster, with a recent release supporting Cloud computing. It is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux but with extensions to support large multi-node heterogeneous systems for clusters (HPC), Cloud, and Data Warehousing (in development).

Rocky Linux A Linux distribution that is currently in development by the CentOS founder, Gregory Kurtzer, aims to be compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Scientific Linux A discontinued Linux distribution co-developed by Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), which aims to be compatible with and based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Amazon Linux 2 Amazon Linux 2 is available as an Amazon Machine Image (AMI) for use on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2). It is also available as a Docker container image and as a virtual machine image for use on Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM), Oracle VM VirtualBox, Microsoft Hyper-V, and VMware ESXi

Berry Linux A medium-sized Fedora-based distribution that provides support in Japanese and English.

BLAG Linux and GNU A completely free software distribution.

Fuduntu Designed to fit in somewhere between Fedora and Ubuntu.

Korora Initially aimed at easy installation of a Gentoo system by using install scripts instead of manual configuration. Now based on Fedora.

Linpus Linux Focused on the Chinese market, along with Linpus Lite focused on the netbook market.

MeeGo Built by Intel and Nokia, intended for mobile phones (mainly Nokia N9) and tablets. It is based on Moblin together with Maemo.

Moblin Built around the Intel Atom processor; supplanted by Meego when Intel and (temporarily) Nokia combined activities

Network Security Toolkit A live CD/DVD with security and networking tools to perform routine security and networking diagnostic and monitoring tasks.

Red Star OS A North Korean Linux distribution developed at the Korea Computer Center (KCC). It is offered only in a Korean language edition, localized with North Korean terminology and spelling.

Russian Fedora Remix A remix of Fedora.

Sugar-on-a-Stick Linux An educational operating system, originally designed for the One-Laptop-Per-Child project.

Yellow Dog Linux For the PowerPC platform.

openSUSE is a community-developed Linux distribution, sponsored by SUSE. It maintains a strict policy of ensuring all code in the standard installs will be from FOSS solutions, including Linux kernel Modules. SUSE’s enterprise Linux products are all based on the codebase that comes out of the openSUSE project.

GeckoLinux A distribution with a focus on polish and out-of-the-box desktop usability. It is available in Static and Rolling versions, based on openSUSE Leap and Tumbleweed.

SUSE Linux Enterprise Comes in two variations. SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (previously branded Novell Linux Desktop) is a desktop-oriented Linux distribution supplied by SUSE and targeted at the enterprise market. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is a server-oriented Linux distribution targeted at the business market.

Mageia A community Linux distribution initially forked from Mandriva Linux in response to the discontinuation of free versions of Mandriva Linux.

OpenMandriva A fork of Mandriva Linux by the OpenMandriva Association.

ALT Linux ALT Linux is a set of RPM-based operating systems built on top of the Linux kernel and Sisyphus packages repository. ALT Linux has been developed collectively by ALT Linux Team developers community and ALT Linux Ltd.

PCLinuxOS A rolling release Linux Live CD distribution. Originally based on Mandrake 9.2. Later rebased on Mandriva 2007.

Red Hat Linux Split into Fedora Core and Red Hat Enterprise Linux. The last official release of the unsplit distribution was Red Hat Linux 9 in March 2003.

SUSE Linux Split into openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise.

Think Blue Linux A port of Linux to IBM S/390 (later, zSeries) mainframe computers, done by the Millenux subsidiary of German company Thinking Objects Software GmbH. Discontinued in 2006.

Turbolinux Originally based on Red Hat Linux.

Vine Linux A Japanese distribution originally based on Red Hat Linux.

I have the Raspberry Pi 5 8 GB running Raspbian 64-bit (bookworm), which I’m trying to get to work with an Astra Pro HD Camera. Issue is I cannot get picamera2 or opencv to find the camera. After some research I’ve found USB camera support for the RPi 5 is quite limited as of now.

Code: Select all

Changing hardware is sort of not an option, but does Ubuntu or 32-bit Raspbian work differently? I have to run ROS2, but this could be done in a Docker container. Being able to use the camera is essential.

import cv2 camera_index = 0 cam = cv2.VideoCapture(camera_index) while True: ret, image = cam.read() k = cv2.waitKey(1) if k != -1: break cv2.imwrite("./testimage.jpg", image) cam.release() cv2.destroyAllWindows()